SBJ/January 23-29, 2012/In Depth

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  • Balancing act

    During the holidays in late December, James Leitz jumped online to check his email. The head of IMG’s action sports division scrolled through his inbox and unearthed an email from someone who had visited the division’s website.

    “How does action sports connect with the youth market? Thanks”

    For years, IMG’s website had boasted that it could deliver the “elusive” youth demographic through action sports. It was something Leitz never questioned and something no one had asked him in the past.

    “It struck me,” Leitz said. “It was the first time through that forum that someone had questioned it and said, ‘Really?’”

    Leitz thought the email reflected a shift in how action sports are being viewed. After years of recognition as a direct avenue to today’s youth, the sector’s sizzle has softened.

    In recent years, average ratings for the X Games and Dew Tour decreased slightly. Attendance across properties leveled off, and some properties like the Maloof Money Cup and the Dew Tour even dropped an event in 2010. Fuel TV, the 24/7 home of action sports from 2003 to 2010, last year broadened its programming slate to include mixed martial arts and motorsports, and canceled its flagship action sports show “The Daily Habit.”

    Staff writer Tripp Mickle talks about what's next for action sports.

    Participation changed, too. The Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association reported a 31 percent decline in skateboarding and a 26 percent decline in BMX participation over the last decade (see chart). Winter sports remain robust with snowboarding participation increasing 40 percent over the same period, and twin-tip skiing surging in sales and popularity at resorts nationwide.

    Rich Luker, the founder of Luker on Trends and ESPN Sports Poll, said action sports remain the domain of 12- to 17-year-olds and are more popular than NASCAR, the NHL and Major League Soccer across every demographic of sports fans. But research shows that the number of 12- to 17-year-olds who consider themselves avid fans of action sports has declined every year for the last nine years.

    “That has to be a source of concern,” Luker said.

    All of those factors form the foundation for an industry in flux.

    “The analogy I use with people is adolescence,” said Vans chief marketer Doug Palladini. “We’re not little kids anymore, which is how we used to be perceived. We’re full-grown adolescent. We show maturity in places, but we still show the angst of teens, which is good and healthy. It keeps things interesting.”

    Like a group of teenagers trying to determine what they want to be when they grow up, everyone from action sports properties to agencies, and media outlets to sponsors, have paused over the last three years to evaluate their action sports business and develop new strategies for the future. The resulting strategies, ranging from digital development to international expansion, hold the key to the industry’s future.

    “The reality is these next couple of years are big,” said Rob Dyrdek, the professional skateboarder and founder of Street League, a street skateboarding competition. “They will be make or break.”

    X goes global; Dew forms Alliance

    This year ESPN will expand globally by awarding three cities an X Games that will be similar in size to its events in Aspen, Colo. (below) and Los Angeles.
    Photo by: Eric Lars Bakke / ESPN Images

    In 2009, ESPN executives began to question what had become the gold standard in action sports properties, the X Games. The franchise was turning a profit but its domestic events in the summer and winter were struggling to break even. Sponsor churn and the recession hobbled their success. Overcoming that would be key to its future.

    ESPN executives considered expanding the number of domestic events beyond two and explored leaving longtime Summer X Games host city Los Angeles for New Orleans. But after a year of evaluation, they settled on international expansion.

    ESPN this year will award three cities an X Games that will be similar in size and scope to its events in Los Angeles and Aspen, Colo. The result will be a six-stop property that executives believe will appeal to sponsors and expand the brand’s relevance.

    Domestically, the X Games will bolster its events in Los Angeles and Aspen by adding lifestyle elements such as film festivals and concerts. It plans to roll out a new website, xgames.com, and to begin posting videos and stories from its ESPN affiliates in countries such as Brazil.

    Scott Guglielmino, ESPN’s senior vice president of programming and global X Games, hopes the new URL will strengthen brand awareness and the international content will drive traffic.

    “From our perspective, L.A. and Aspen have set the bar,” Guglielmino said. “That’s what we’re interested in doing when we talk about taking the X Games to different countries. We’re interested in taking the bar up that has to do with scale, the best athletes and [the host city] becoming part of the story.”

    Dew Tour organizers evaluated their business model and created the Alliance of Action Sports, which has acquired stakes in all areas of action sports, including events, apparel and media.
    Photo by: Mark Losey / Dew Tour

    The Dew Tour is taking a completely different approach to its future. Like ESPN, the tour’s organizers began to question and evaluate their business model during the recent recession. They had added a winter series in 2008 but were unsure of how to grow revenue beyond that.

    “It was clear that the Dew Tour was just 30 percent of what this fan base cared about,” said Wade Martin, the tour’s general manager at the time. “All you had to do was go to YouTube to see that. These sports aren’t just dedicated to a competitive world.”

    Reaching that conclusion led Martin to create the Alliance of Action Sports: an umbrella group that would go by Alli Sports and acquire stakes in all areas of action sports ranging from events to apparel to media. It began managing other properties, bought an online retailer and launched a new website (allisports.com) that covers action sports.

    Some of those efforts have borne fruit. Its management of the AMA Motocross Series has helped increase attendance and sponsorship revenue. But others have been slow to pay off. Martin says Web traffic at allisports.com still isn’t where he had envisioned it.

    On the whole, Martin is pleased with the results of the strategy. It’s given the group new revenue streams and positioned it for more growth in the future.

    “The foundation is now in place,” said Martin, president of Alli Sports. “Now we just have to bring Alli as a brand to life.”

    In the wake of the moves by the X Games and Dew Tour, reality TV show star and professional skateboarder Dyrdek saw an opportunity for a new action sports property. Because the other groups had multisport events, he thought there was room for a skate-only competition and developed a street skateboarding property called Street League that debuted in 2010.

    The four-stop property saw attendance rise its second year, but its move from live-to-tape broadcasts in 2010 on ESPN to live broadcasts in 2011 cost it 28 percent of its viewers. Dyrdek plans to concentrate on developing shoulder programming that raises the profile of the 24 skaters showcased in Street League and hopes that will deliver more viewers to their live broadcasts.

    “The only way to be truly successful is to be live and draw an audience,” Dyrdek said. “That will come with time.”

    Agencies shift resources

    Stakeholders in action sports are plotting strategies that will guide the industry in the years to come.
    Photo by: ESPN

    A decade ago, Steve Astephen’s athlete management and corporate consulting agency doubled its revenue year after year. But in recent years, the Wasserman Media Group principal has seen growth slow to a 30 to 40 percent clip.

    Astephen, who believes the slowdown reflects increased competition, not the maturation of the business, isn’t complaining. His division’s business is still vibrant, but Astephen has begun looking for ways to push it forward. His primary focus now is on expanding abroad.

    Wasserman recently hired two athlete managers in London and is considering opening an event development business in Europe. The agency had tremendous success with Ken Block’s Gymkhana World Tour in Europe. Some 30,000 people turned out in Austria for the event, a huge increase from the 1,200 people who showed up for the same event at Dodger Stadium, Astephen said.

    “There’s not a lot of canvas that’s been painted on in Europe,” Astephen said. “There’s no Dew Tour. There’s no X Games. We’re hoping to build authentic great events in Europe to bring action sports to life over there.”

    International expansion is a move being played by a host of agencies. Fuse, a corporate consulting agency, recently developed an international subsidiary called Sawabini Smith Carter that is collaborating with agencies in Australia, India and the Middle East; IMG’s action sports group is taking its successful U.S. Open of Surfing to Australia this year; and Octagon recently shifted one of its French sales executives into its action sports group.

    Collectively, the moves reflect a belief that international markets offer the best avenue for new revenue. It’s a belief born out of confidence that endemic brands have raised the profile of action sports abroad and the X Games’ expansion will propel it further.

    “It diversifies your portfolio at minimum and at best it creates a lot more opportunities across the board because if you’re working with a French athlete with European sponsors, you can place your American athlete in events with opportunities in Europe and your French athlete with opportunities here,” said Peter Carlisle, the head of Octagon’s Olympics and action sports group.

    By 2014, Astephen believes Wasserman’s action sports athletes will spend 40 to 50 percent of their time abroad. He added, “Corporate companies are pulling us over there. If an athlete can go over there and make hundreds of thousands at an event and can only make thousands here, of course he’s going to go.”

    The other area where agencies are growing their business is the digital sector. Fuse began developing an in-house production and creative team in 2009 that now composes 20 percent of its staff. Wasserman made a similar move, acquiring a production company last year and beginning to pursue social media consulting opportunities more aggressively.

    “Before, the world was event activation, but today 80-plus percent of our athlete activation is social media and branded content development,” Fuse principal Issa Sawabini said. “Corporate brands are acting far more like endemic brands with content than ever before.”

    TV out of touch?

    In 2010, Fuel TV ended a seven-year run of limiting its programming exclusively to surf, skate and snow footage. It has since moved into mixed martial arts, rally cross and other footage it didn’t offer in the past.

    The move was driven by a need to expand viewership of the channel. Since making it, the network has gone from 100 percent to 60 percent of its programming being devoted to action sports, and has increased its distribution from 31 million to 36 million homes.

    The Street League plans to develop shoulder programming to draw more viewers to its live broadcasts.
    Photo by: Street League

    “We’re not abandoning action sports,” said Peter Vesey, Fuel TV’s vice president of advertising sales. “We’re just trying to grow a much bigger audience for our partners.”

    The move not only is changing the look, feel and future of Fuel TV’s business. It’s forcing other action sports groups that once developed programming for Fuel to think more critically about their own content distribution.

    Palladini, Vans vice president of marketing, believes TV has lost its efficacy as a medium for action sports. The company shifted programming for its Vans Triple Crown of Surfing to the Web and drew 10.4 million viewers over 13 days last year.

    Snow sports sales

    Season Ski sales units Snowboard sales All boards and ski sales All snow sports specialty sales
    1996-97 807,000 193,000 1.00M $2.10M
    1997-98 827,000 214,000 1.04M $2.30M
    1998-99 766,000 214,000 980,000 $2.34M
    1999-2000 939,999 437,202 1.38M $2.33M
    2000-01 796,206 452,073 1.25M $2.11M
    2001-02 687,440 463,485 1.15M $1.83M
    2002-03 620,676 398,787 1.02M $1.71M
    2003-04 602,814 424,301 1.03M $1.71M
    2004-05 551,854 394,453 946,307 $1.73M
    2005-06 640,854 516,932 1.16M $1.80M
    2006-07 659,920 532,472 1.19M $1.77M
    2007-08 679,258 543,403 1.22M $1.85M
    2008-09 606,979 556,055 1.16M $1.71M
    2009-10 577,232 531,224 1.11M $1.76M
    2010-11 628,212 497,605 1.13M $2.01M

    Note: Unit sales for boards and skis are sales in all snow sports channels including specialty shops, chain stores and, as of 2006-07, online sales.
    Source: SnowSports Industries America

    Wasserman, Alli Sports, Red Bull and others are following suit. Each is developing a YouTube channel that they will fill with original action sports programming.

    “The major players recognize you need to establish your brand on every possible platform and make it available in a way that the consumer can but doesn’t need to tune in,” said C.J. Olivares, a media consultant and Fuel TV’s former general manager. “It turns [action sports] into a long-tail investment because you’re not aggregating an audience in a single moment in time. It’s your cumulative audience over six or nine months.”

    The new media options and changes in consumption are making advertisers and sponsors look more closely at action sports before committing to deals.

    Jeremy Carey, the U.S. director of media buying agency Optimum Sports, said the segment still serves as an excellent vehicle to reach the 12- to 24-year-old demographic and the content and on-site integration opportunities it offers are unparalleled, but action sports property’s TV and attendance metrics have leveled off in recent years. For that reason, Optimum advises clients to set aside sufficient money for activation.

    Action sports participants (000s)

    Sport 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    Mountain bicycling/non-paved surface NA NA NA NA NA 7,040 6,751 6,892 7,592 7,142 7,161
    Skateboarding 9,859 10,545 11,000 9,386 8,965 9,633 10,130 8,429 7,807 7,352 6,808
    Snowboarding 4,347 5,343 5,589 6,309 6,572 5,987 5,204 5,063 5,854 6,189 6,112
    BMX 3,213 2,964 3,139 2,719 2,135 2,004 1,655 1,887 1,904 1,811 2,369

    Source: Snowboard data: National Sporting Goods Association data, provided by SnowSports Industries America. All other data provided by Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association.

    “When you tell them all the stuff you have to do to do it right, they might get skittish,” said Carey, who has advised Mountain Dew, JCPenney and State Farm on action sports. “Media budgets don’t necessarily take into account a proper activation.”

    But that hasn’t deterred companies from getting into action sports in recent years. For every company like Slim Jim, Taco Bell or Verizon Wireless that has ended a Dew Tour or X Games sponsorship, there are new companies like Jack Link’s, Chipotle and Pantech that have signed new deals.

    Perhaps no company underscores action sports’ sustained appeal more than Ford. The company sponsored the Vans Triple Crown in the early 2000s, a time considered to be the heyday of action sports, but abandoned the segment for nearly a decade.

    Last year, Ford jumped back in to action sports by signing athletes Ken Block and Brian Deegan, developing an Octane Academy to promote the drivers, and supporting it all with an X Games sponsorship. It was all part of a concerted effort to market to the millennial generation.

    “Action sports is right in the target bull’s-eye of this generation,” said Jamie Allison, director of Ford North America motorsports. “That generation thrives and relishes the extreme end of style in sport, and Ford found the right audience in identifying with that platform. It’s working really well.”

    The next generation

    Leitz was in China two weeks ago as he recalled the email questioning the future of action sports. He was there exploring an opportunity for IMG to expand into Asia. International expansion is the next frontier for IMG’s action sports group.

    Action sports stakeholders see domestic fans becoming more avid and educated, making them more inclined to support brands and consume more content.
    Photo by: Jordan Loyd / Dew Tour

    Leitz said he found responding to the email immediately difficult. He believes the action sports industry has matured,but that maturation has not undercut the business. The fundamentals of the industry remain strong. Right now, agencies, properties and media companies alike are trying to figure out what they want to do next.

    “The question is: When we grow up, who are we going to be?” Leitz said.

    It’s a question that industry observers have been asking for the last three years. There’s optimism that the collective efforts to answer that question will begin to pay off in the coming years through international expansion, the development of digital channels on YouTube, and the return of past sponsors like Ford.

    Alli Sports’ Martin believes that as those strategic efforts take root, action sports will benefit from a whole new set of fans. Members of Generation X, which was the foundation of these sports’ explosion in the 1990s, have begun having kids of their own, and those kids will likely be the first to have their parents encourage them to skateboard, surf or snowboard.

    Tracking fan trends

    ESPN Sports Poll tracks the percentage of U.S. sports fans who identify themselves as casual or avid fans of action sports. The survey also shows how action sports ranks among the specific demos among all sports. Here are highlights of the results:

    2010
    Casual fans 12+ 12-17 Male 12-17 Male 18-34
    Percentage 45.8% 71.0% 75.5% 66.5%
    Rank 6th 2nd 2nd 4th
    Avid fans 12+ 12-17 Male 12-17 Male 18-34
    Percentage 10.7% 23.8% 28.2% 21.8%
    Rank 7th 5th 5th 7th
     
    2011
    Casual fans 12+ 12-17 Male 12-17 Male 18-34
    Percentage 47.8% 70.4% 74.5% 67.1%
    Rank 6th 3rd 4th 3rd
    Avid fans 12+ 12-17 Male 12-17 Male 18-34
    Percentage 11.1% 21.9% 26.6% 21.4%
    Rank 7th 6th 7th 7th

    Note: The 2010 results covered 23,997 interviews of sports fans ages 12 and older, while the sample size for 2011 was 18,037.
    Source: ESPN Sports Poll

    Composition of avid action sports fans
    (U.S. residents 18+)

    Married 42%
    Not married 58%
    Income  
    $50,000+ 45%
    $75,000+ 30%
    $100,000+ 16%
    Men 18-34 39%
    Men 25-54 45%
    Women 18-34 14%
    Women 25-54 17%
    White non-Hispanic 59%
    Black non-Hispanic 12%
    Hispanic 22%

    Source: Scarborough Research


    “I go through that in soccer with my son,” Martin said. “I was a soccer player, but my dad couldn’t stand it. I encouraged my son to play. That’s going to happen with action sports now, and when it does, there’s going to be another big growth.”

    Martin doesn’t see that happening for another three to five years. In the meantime, he sees new fans beginning to follow the sports worldwide, opening new opportunities for the industry. He sees the domestic fan base becoming more avid and educated, making it more inclined to support brands more, consume more content and buy more products.

    Most avid action sports markets

    Rank market % of market that claims to be action sports fan
    1 Honolulu 28.4%
    2 Sacramento/Stockton/Modesto, Calif. 26.0%
    3 Las Vegas 23.4%
    4 Flint/Saginaw/Bay City, Mich. 23.2%
    5 San Diego 23.0%
    6 Oklahoma City 23.0%
    7 Phoenix 22.6%
    8 Fresno/Visalia, Calif. 22.5%
    9 (tie) Spokane, Wash. 22.3%
    9 (tie) Denver 22.3%

    Source: Scarborough Research

    “Yes, it’s a transitional time for these sports, but part of the reason these transitions are happening is because they can,” Martin said. “There still is global opportunity because this thing is the wild west; it was born here, and it can expand out. And there will continue to be a melding and more collaboration between primary stakeholders driving the business, whether they be on the brand side, the media side or the event side. That’s a good thing because it will provide increased opportunity for where we can take this business.”

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  • Key action sports properties

    SUMMER

    Dew Tour
    Description: The first action sports series. Launched in 2005 by Clear Channel and NBC, the vision was to develop a series of action sports events for BMX, skate and freestyle motocross in which athletes accumulated points and had a chance to win what amounts to a season championship.
    Owner: NBC
    Locations: TBD (Last year: Ocean City, Md.; Portland; Salt Lake City; Las Vegas)
    Dates: TBD (Last year: June 21-24; Aug. 11-14; Sept. 8-11; Oct. 13-16)
    Total attendance: 179,090
    Average rating and viewership: 0.5, 786,000 (NBC, USA)
    Marquee event: Dew Tour Championships, Las Vegas
    Key executives: Wade Martin, Alli Sports president; Chris Prybylo, Alli Sports vice president of events; Rob Simmelkjaer, senior vice president of NBC Sports Ventures and International

    X Games
    Description: The original multisport action sports event. An annual spectacle featuring BMX, skate, motocross and rally cross. Athletes are invited to participate and given a chance to win Olympic-like gold, silver and bronze medals in their respective disciplines.
    Owner: ESPN
    Location: Los Angeles
    Date: June 28-July 1
    Attendance: 141,500
    Average rating and viewership: 0.63, 1,038,970 (ESPN, ESPN2, ABC)
    Key executives: Scott Guglielmino, senior vice president of programming and X Games; Mark Nolan, vice president of X Games sales; Tori Stevens, vice president of operations, X Games

    Maloof Money Cup

    Maloof Money Cup
    Photo by: Getty Images

    Description: A skateboarding only competition launched in 2008. Joe and Gavin Maloof created the event because they believed there was an opening for a pure skate competition. They allowed skaters to design the street course and offered the largest purse in skateboarding at the time. They have since expanded to Queens, N.Y., Washington, D.C., and South Africa.
    Owner: Joe and Gavin Maloof
    Location: TBD (Last year: Queens, N.Y.; Washington, D.C.; Kimberly, South Africa)
    Dates: TBD
    Total attendance: 113,227 event and village; 16,337 skatepark
    Average rating and viewership: Not available (Shown live on Fuel TV, which is unrated)
    Marquee event: Orange County Maloof Money Cup
    Key executives: Tim McFerran, president

    Street League
    Description: A street skate tour launched in 2010 by skater and MTV personality Rob Dyrdek. A total of 24 pro skaters signed on to compete in the series, which uses instant scoring technology to determine a winner and keep spectators aware of what’s at stake during competition.
    Owner: Rob Dyrdek
    Locations: TBD (Last year: Seattle; Kansas City, Mo.; Glendale, Ariz.; Newark, N.J.)
    Dates: TBD (Last year: May 8, June 12, July 17, Aug. 28)
    Total attendance: 50,000
    Average rating and viewership: 0.2, 298,000 (ESPN)
    Marquee event: Street League Championship
    Key executives: Rob Dyrdek, founder; Brian Atlas, general manager

    ASP World Tour
    ASP World Tour
    Photo by: Getty Images

    Description: The Association of Surfing Professionals’ premier series can be traced back to the 1960s. The men’s tour currently features 11 events across seven countries, while the women’s tour features seven events across five countries.
    Owner: Participating surfers
    Location: Bells Beach, Australia; Jeffreys Bay, South Africa; Santa Cruz, Calif.; multiple other locations
    Dates: February to December
    Total attendance: Not available
    Average rating and viewership: Not available (Fuel TV)
    Marquee event: Billabong Pipe Masters
    Key executives: Richard Grellman, independent chairman of the ASP board

    Nike US Open of Surfing
    Description: The event was founded in 1994, but it has evolved considerably since Nike took over as title sponsor in 2010. It added skateboarding, BMX and longboard competitions to the nine-day surfing event.
    Owner: IMG
    Location: Huntington Beach, Calif.
    Date: Early August
    Total attendance: 500,000 (estimate over nine days)
    Average rating and viewership: Not available (shown on Fuel TV, which is unrated)
    Marquee event: US Open of Surfing
    Key executives: James Leitz, senior vice president of IMG Action Sports



    WINTER

    Winter Dew Tour
    Winter Dew Tour
    Photo by: George Grosland / Dew Tour

    Description: With the financial support of founding partner Mountain Dew, NBC in 2008 added a complementary winter action sports series. The series features ski and snowboard halfpipe and slopestyle events.
    Owner: NBC
    Locations: Breckenridge, Colo.; Killington, Vt.; Ogden, Utah
    Dates: December to February
    Total attendance: 103,800
    Average rating and viewership: 0.5, 790,000 (NBC, USA)
    Marquee event: Toyota Championships
    Key executives: Wade Martin, Alli Sports president; Chris Prybylo, Alli Sports vice president of events; Rob Simmelkjaer, senior vice president of NBC Sports Ventures and International

    Winter X Games
    Description: The first event was held in 1997 and featured everything from ice climbing to snowboard slopestyle. Over the years, it has evolved to feature ski, snowboard and snowmobile competitions.
    Owner: ESPN
    Location: Aspen, Colo.
    Date: Jan. 26-29
    Total attendance: 114,200
    Average rating and viewership: 0.6, 997,523 (ESPN, ESPN2)
    Key executives: Scott Guglielmino, senior vice president of programming and X Games; Mark Nolan, vice president of X Games sales; Tori Stevens, vice president of operations for the X Games

    Air & Style
    Description: Founded in the mid-1990s, this competition brought snowboarding down from the mountains and into major metropolitan markets. Events feature snowboarders from all over the world facing off in big air and quarter-pipe competitions. The events are sanctioned by the Ticket to Ride organization, an umbrella nonprofit organization that sanctions six elite snowboarding events worldwide.
    Owner: Air & Style Co.
    Locations: Innsbruck, Austria; Beijing, China; Munich, Germany
    Dates: December to February
    Total attendance: 25,000
    Average rating and viewership: Not available
    Marquee event: Oakley and Shaun White present Air & Style Beijing
    Key executives: Andrew Hourmont, founder

    Burton Global Open Series
    Burton Global Open Series
    Photo by: Shem Roose / Burton Global Open Series

    Description: The signature snowboarding company held its first international “Open” event in 1994 in Japan. Today, the Burton Global Open Series spans New Zealand, Europe, Canada and the U.S. The original Open event, the U.S. Open Snowboarding Championships, celebrates its 30th anniversary this March in Stratton, Vt.
    Owner: Burton Snowboards
    Locations: New Zealand, Europe, Canada, United States
    Dates: August to March
    Total attendance: 80,000
    Average rating and viewership: Not available (U.S. Open shown on Universal Sports)
    Marquee event: U.S. Open Snowboarding Championships, Stratton, Vt.
    Key executives: Jake Burton, founder and owner; Nick Sargent, global director of partner marketing and strategic alliance

    USSA Grand Prix
    Description: U.S. Ski & Snowboard’s signature event was one of the first series of snowboarding events. Founded in the 1990s, the event helped the organization pick the first U.S. snowboard team for the 1998 Olympics. As freeskiing came into vogue in the last few years, it has been integrated into the tour. Every four years, the series will determine who will represent Team USA in snowboarding and freeskiing at the Olympics.
    Owner: U.S. Ski & Snowboard Association
    Location: Copper Mountain, Colo.; Canyons Resort, Utah; Mammoth Mountain, Calif.
    Date: December to March
    Total attendance: 24,500
    Average rating and viewership: Not available (Versus, NBC)
    Marquee event: Visa U.S. Halfpipe Grand Prix, featuring halfpipe snowboarding and freeskiing
    Key executives: Calum Clark, USSA vice president of events; Eric Webster, USSA director of the Grand Prix

    Note: Total attendance and rating and viewership figures are from 2011.

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